kratom (Mitragynia speciose) is a tropical plant that is part of the Rubiaceae family (the same family as coffee). Native to Southeast Asia, this tree can reach up to 15 meters or more and produce large wide leaves that have long been used and made Green Indo kratom capsules for medicinal and recreational purposes (Tanguay, 2011). This plant thrives in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand. Kratom has a large potential for utilization as herbal medicines. Behind the benefits and great potential, kratom also has side effects when consumed in excess, excessive consumption of kratom can cause sedative effects.
In Indonesia kratom thrives in Kalimantan, in addition to growing wild kratom is also widely cultivated. Kratom is a potential plant. Kratom is a fast-growing plant that grows naturally in the tidal zone of rivers and swamps with initial growth per year reaching 2-3 meters. The morphology of kratom plants which has a wide canopy and strong roots makes this kratom also functions as a deterrent to riverbank erosion. Aside from the trees that are useful as a barrier to river abrasion and rehabilitation of tidal swamps, the leaves are one of the non-timber forest product commodities (NTFPs) which has the potential to lift the community’s economy (Cahyani & Hardjana, 2019).
Kratom has the potential to be used as herbal medicine to form red borneo kratom capsules. This plant has long been used by the people of Kalimantan as traditional medicine. Kratom is usually consumed by chewing the leaves directly, boiling the leaves and serving as tea, or making them cigarettes (Swogger and Walsh, 2018). This tropical plant contains active compounds of mitragynine and 7-hydroxy mitragynine (Singh et al, 2016). At low doses, kratom will work as a stimulant. People who have used kratom with low doses claim to be more energized, more alert, and easier to socialize. At higher doses, kratom is used as a sedative, producing euphoric effects, accumulating emotions, and sensations (Putsanra, 2019). Tanguay (2011) and Prozialeck et al (2012) state that kratom in Thailand and Malaysia is commonly used in various contexts; as a substitute for opium and to relieve the symptoms of opioid dependence, medically to relieve pain, diarrhea, and cough, and by ordinary workers used to increase stamina and energy (Swogger and Walsh, 2018).